The FFY 2012 Annual Synar Report: Tobacco Sales to Youth annual report was published today. This report covers inspections completed by states in FFY 2011 and reported in their FFY 2012 Annual Synar Reports. A synopsis of the report and link to the full report is below: In FY 2012, the national weighted average rate of tobacco sales to minors for the 50 States and the District of Columbia was 9.1 percent. While this rate is the second lowest retailer violation rate (RVR) in the history of the Synar program, it represents an increase in the RVR from FFY 2011, when the national rate was 8.5 percent. Despite the increase in the national average rate of tobacco sales to youth, the number of states reporting RVRs below 10 percent (34 states) remained consistent between FFYs 2011 and 2012. However, the number of states reporting RVRs below 5 percent decreased from 12 in FFY 2011 to 9 in FFY 2012.
reACT mini grants are here! This school year, reACT mini grants will help your crew address tobacco marketing in convenience and grocery stores in your community, as well as facilitating other activities of your crew's choice! Want to do something cool to fight back against corporate tobacco with your crew, but don't have the money? Apply for a grant!
If you were to ask a parent why they talk so positively about drinking to college kids, I bet most sensible adults would say they were just making small talk. They weren't trying to encourage kids to hurt themselves or commit a crime. But from the perspective of a teenager, that doesn't matter. Whether adults understand the impact of their words or not, conversations about the "normalness" of drinking in college are propagating an illegal and harmful social norm among young people.
Federal data shows that prescription drug abuse now sends twice as many people to the emergency room (ER) as it did five years ago -- outstripping illegal drugs for the third year in a row, the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) reported in a Jan. 6 press release. The data come from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), which provides estimates on emergency room visits linked to drug use and abuse. DAWN data from 2009 showed almost 4.6 million total visits to emergency rooms that were drug-related, of which 45.1 percent were linked to abuse and misuse of drugs, both legal and illegal. Nearly a third (27.1 percent) of all visits -- or 1.2 million visits -- were due to prescription drug abuse, an increase of 98.4 percent from the 627,291 visits recorded in 2004. Illicit drug use accounted for 1.0 million visits to emergency rooms, and alcohol was implicated in 31.8 percent of all visits related to abuse or misuse of drugs.
Rural areas are seeing a surge in heroin use, The Wall Street Journal reports. Many people who were addicted to prescription painkillers switched to heroin after drug companies made their products more difficult to crush and snort. Heroin is also much less expensive than pills such as oxycodone.
Local governments have the responsibility and ability to protect the public's health and safety. They fulfill this responsibility in part through their land use powers - by determining what activities may occur on the land within their jurisdiction. Activities associated with alcohol fall within these broad powers. Although the exact term and process may differ from State to State, these Conditional Use Permits are a crucial feature of zoning laws in most States. These policies can help create and maintain an environment regarding alcohol that protects minors from underage drinking.
The Center for Health and Safety Culture and MOST of Us are pleased to announce the following trainings: We will be hosting the Spring 2011 Positive Community Norms (PCN) Institute in Bozeman, MT at the Hilton Garden Inn May 17th-19th. This three day Institute provides the best opportunity to learn about the Positive Community Norms Process and the theory upon which it is built, The Science of the Positive. If you are interested in working with PCN in the future, attendance at this Institute is the beginning of your journey. Please visit our website for more information, http://www.mostofus.org/institute/pcninstitute/ . We also will host the 2011 Montana Summer Institute on July 12th-14th at the Big Sky Resort in Big Sky, MT with the Pre-Institute on July 11th. For more information please visit http://www.mostofus.org/institute/montana-summer-institute/ .
A small Virginia company, Star Scientific, Inc., is seeking approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market one of its smokeless tobacco products as less harmful than other tobacco products, the Associated Press reported Jan. 4. Star Scientific said its new Stonewall Moist-BDL dissovable tobacco lozenge has 90 to 99 percent fewer carcinogens than similar products and should qualify for a new "modified-risk" label being developed by the FDA. Two similar applications to the agency from Star are still under consideration. According to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smokeless tobacco is not safer than cigarettes because it has 28 cancer-causing ingredients. The United Kingdom's Royal College of Physicians has taken a different position. In a 2007 report, the College said that some smokeless tobacco products were less harmful than cigarettes.
More and more college-age kids are landing in emergency rooms after ingesting the designer drug known as Molly, but experts tell NBC News that many of the kids who think they're using Molly are really taking something else -- often something more harmful, like bath salts.
The term "epigenetics" is rapidly becoming one of the more important watchwords in the field of alcohol research. Put simply, epigenetics is the study of changes in gene function that occur without a change in the body's genetic code. Instead epigenetic "markers" turn genes "on" and "off." By acting on these epigenetic markers, environmental factors such as diet, stress, and prenatal nutrition can make an imprint on the genes that are active in different tissues and at various stages of life. Even more importantly, these alterations may be passed along from one generation to the next.
A group of physicians and experts on pain policy have published an article arguing that while opioid treatment contracts between patients and their physicians can be useful, they can be harmful for the patient-physician relationship unless presented in the right way, American Medical News reported Dec. 27. Doctors use the agreements -- also known as "pain contracts" -- to warn patients not to give away or sell their prescription pills. According to American Medical News, other physicians treating patients for pain have undergone "high-profile prosecutions," and the contracts are seen as a way to protect physicians from liability.
According to the subscription-based Harvard Mental Health Letter article, "Pain killers fuel growth in drug addiction," prescription painkillers kill about twice as many people as cocaine and five times as many as heroin. Nearly two million Americans are dependent on or abusing opioid pain relievers-nearly twice as many as are addicted to cocaine. Because opioid painkillers target the same brain receptors as heroin, causing euphoria, they carry the risk of addiction, the article states.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) Underage Drinking Enforcement Training Center is hosting the podcast series "A National Conversation on Protecting Our Youth" to provide environmental strategies that address underage drinking-related issues in communities, states, and territories and reduce youth access to alcohol. Parents, researchers, law enforcement officials, coalition members, youth groups, advocates, and experts discuss public health and safety issues of youth alcohol use and share successful outcomes and strategies.
A new government report finds a link between prescription drug abuse and an increased risk of heroin use. Americans ages 12 to 49 who illegally use prescription drugs are 19 times more likely than others in their age group to begin using heroin, the report found. HealthDay reports almost 80 percent of people who recently started to use heroin said they had previously used prescription painkillers illegally.
In a final recommendation, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has stated that primary care clinicians should provide interventions, including education or brief counseling, to prevent school-aged and adolescent patients from using tobacco. Evidence shows that a variety of behavioral counseling interventions can reduce the risk that school-aged children and adolescents will start smoking cigarettes, according to the task force.
Four alcohol brands - Patron tequila, Hennessy cognac, Grey Goose vodka, and Jack Daniel's whiskey - accounted for more than half of alcohol brand mentions in the songs that mentioned alcohol use in Billboard's most popular song lists in 2009, 2010 and 2011, according to a new study from researchers at the Boston University School of Public Health and the Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
While parents may not like to hear the cold, hard truth about drugs and alcohol and their kids, the truth remains that they nonetheless try alcohol in high school and during college, even years before their 21st birthdays. According to research on the subject, about 80 percent of kids have already attempted to try alcohol while still in high school. The danger with experimentation is that it is neither legal nor safe for kids to attempt it, despite the fact that many still give in to temptation and bad judgment and try alcohol. The way to try to curb these worrying statistics and trends is by discussing alcohol and drug abuse with kids at quite an early age and continue talking to them about it as they grow up.
Teens whose parents have ever smoked are more likely to become smokers, even if their parents quit before they were born, according to a new study. Teens with an older sibling who smokes are also more likely to start using cigarettes. The study followed 214 participants starting in 1988, when they were high school freshmen, until 2011. The researchers also studied 314 of their children ages 11 and older. Participants took annual surveys about their smoking habits, and their children were surveyed in 2011.
Tobacco companies are using marketing tactics for their e-cigarettes that are similar to the ones they have used for regular cigarettes, including sponsoring race cars, using cab-top and bus stop displays, and buying TV ad time to tell smokers to take back their freedom, the Associated Press reports.
Tobacco companies led by Altria Group Inc. must get U.S. approval for product changes, helping regulators keep more addictive items off the market. Products introduced after Feb. 15, 2007, must also be reviewed, the Food and Drug Administration said today in a statement. New or modified items that aren?t "substantially equivalent" to those already for sale on that date and raise health questions may be banned or withdrawn, the agency said. The reviews are required under a 2009 law that empowered the FDA to restrict tobacco marketing, and forced makers to pay the agency fees to fund reviews. Altria Group?s Philip Morris USA, the biggest U.S. cigarette maker, broke with competitors to back the law as a way to standardize manufacturing and spur development of less-harmful products.
A press release dated December 30, 2010, reported that hospital emergency department visits involving underage drinking increased more than 250 percent on New Year's Day 2009. The new study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration found that in 2009 there were an estimated 1,980 emergency department visits involving underage drinking, compared to 546 such visits on an average day that year - a 263 percent increase. The New Year's Day underage drinking admission levels even surpassed other National holiday levels, which past SAMHSA studies have revealed often far exceed normal daily rates. For example, the 2009 New Year's Day estimate was 191 percent higher than the Memorial Day level (676) and 110 percent higher than the Fourth of July level (942).
In the continuing effort to raise awareness about the dangers of drinking alcohol during pregnancy, and to highlight the 15th anniversary of International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day, you are invited to a webinar hosted by the FASD Center for Excellence. Titled "Preventing Alcohol Use During Pregnancy: Applying New Solutions to Ongoing Needs," the webinar will take place on September 9, 2013, from 2 to 3:30 p.m. ET, and is free to all attendees.
This youth-taught workshop presented by New Hampshire's Dover Youth to Youth (a nationally recognized student advocacy group) uses the "Knowledge > Skills > Action" model to share how youth can be organized and empowered to become effective. A focus of the webinar will be on how the model can be used to achieve policy change and shifts in community norms. Many of the principles will be illustrated by examining the "Refrigerator Campaign," a multimedia strategy to reduce youth access to alcohol by motivating parents to control access to alcohol in their homes. This webinar is ideal for adults, coalitions, or organizations that would like to work effectively with youth advocates, those who would like to have greater youth involvement, those who want to broaden their existing youth advocacy efforts, and youth who are interested in advocacy. Wednesday, September 25, 2013, 3:00-4:15 p.m. ET
Since the 1990s, local and State governments have passed laws designed to hold those who provide alcohol, or enable the consumption by providing an environment in which a minor can consume alcohol, responsible for their conduct. These "social host" laws are often different and unique to the communities they serve. Our program will look retrospectively at the different social host approaches used by cities, counties, and States and the laws that have survived and those that have been struck down by the courts; and we will discuss the challenges and proponents of social host legislation in the future. Thursday, September 19, 2013, 3:00-4:15 p.m. ET
Page last updated: 12/27/2010